Health professionals face a time trial every day: arrive at the accident as soon as possible, attend to the victims and transfer the injured to the care centers, all this in the shortest possible time.
During the 60 minutes after the incident, 75% of fatalities occur. Acting in that golden hour is essential, shortening the arrival times of rescue services and reducing the deadlines for transferring injured people in just four minutes could increase the chances of survival by up to forty percent. Streamlining emergency vehicles could increase survival by 40 percent in a road accident.
For this, the RACE proposes the emergency corridor, a space for emergencies, as already applied in other countries. Drivers know how to act in an emergency vehicle when they drive, but they have doubts about a traffic jam or retention situation, where speed is essential.
What is Emergency Corridors
Emergency corridors are lanes that drivers must leave to give way to emergency services (law enforcement officials, firefighters, ambulances, roadside assistance, and highway services). With these lanes, the arrival and transfer times for the injured are reduced, the safety of drivers and occupants of the emergency vehicles increased, and they allow homogenizing the behavior of the drivers, acting in a coordinated manner.
How they work
The protocol that must follow in an emergency during retention (on a motorway, highway or other roads with physical separation by direction) depends on whether the road has two or three lanes in each direction:
- On a two-lane road in each direction, vehicles traveling along the left lane should be as far as possible to the left, while vehicles traveling along the right lane will be as far as possible to the right, using the shoulder if necessary. In this way, an emergency corridor formed, taking advantage of the lane division line.
- On a three-lane road in each direction, vehicles traveling on the left lane should be as far as possible to the left, while the rest of the vehicles will turn to the right. This system allows drivers to perform simpler maneuvers than to abandon a lane altogether, also preventing the movement of large tonnage vehicles circulating in the right lane.
The circulation of priority vehicles through the shoulder not advised since they do not usually enjoy continuity, being abruptly interrupted due to unforeseen obstacles, incorporation of other roads, etc. Here you can see the video that RACE has published on security corridors.